What are NFTs?

An NFT, or non-fungible token, is a token that expresses the ownership of a novel digital, or typically physical, asset. Its data is stored in a smart contract on the blockchain, making it uniquely identifiable and its record of ownership immutable.

What are NFTs?

NFTs, standing for non-fungible tokens, are cryptographically distinctive tokens that specific digital ownership of different items. These items could be anything from pictures to videos to songs, and because NFT ownership is recorded through the blockchain, they are often traded, bought and sold via the blockchain. The information that identifies an NFT is recorded in smart contracts, and the information makes them unique, and thus non-fungible.

To understand what makes something “non-fungible”, consider what makes a bitcoin fungible, or alternateable with another bitcoin. For those who change a bitcoin with another individual, you will still have 1 bitcoin with the same utility and the identical value. NFTs, however, each symbolize a unique item.

How do NFTs work?

The protocol for trading and issuing NFTs is called ERC-721. Standing for Ethereum Request for Comment- 721, this is a smart contract protocol on the Ethereum blockchain that not only allows for a token to be traded and issued, but also for it to comprise the qualitative information vital to explain and store the information of an NFT in its smart contract. It’s the first token standard to take action, and operates on the Ethereum blockchain.

Since ERC-721, different token standards similar to ERC-1155, which permits for the description of fungible and non-fungible tokens and TRON’s own TRC-721, have arisen, permitting for more flexibility and interoperability for NFTs.

Marketplaces reminiscent of OpenSea and Nifty Gateway provide places where individuals can purchase and sell their NFTs. In fact, because many NFTs exist on the Ethereum blockchain, which has lower throughput, the gas fees wanted to mint NFTs could be quite high.

You will need to note that although the smart contract protocol of an NFT represents ownership, it isn’t an analog for copyright, and is not enforceable by judicial bodies.

Use cases

Because NFTs can describe digital ownership of unique items, one can think of all of the distinctive items within the digital (and physical world) when considering applications of the technology. Ownership of live performance tickets, artwork, music, in-game items, and even digital property will be expressed by means of NFTs. This is what makes them so exciting, and why platforms like Instagram are looking to integrate NFTs into their platform.

They are what can provide gaming more dimensionality and permit people to actually own in-game items, allowing for their utilization throughout games and for players to monetize their experience. When it comes to music, it allows for artists to connect more with their fans, resembling permitting NFT holders to realize unique access to unreleased music and even perks at events. And of course with artwork items, artists now have one other, more direct avenue to make money.


NFTs have proven to be a fantastic way for artists to more easily sell their works. On the customer side, this has provided a more direct way to interact with and help a favorite artist.

Creators like Beeple have famously seen lots of success from NFTs, and it is because of their huge success that different artists, and well-known public sale houses like Sotheby’s, have adopted NFTs and further proven their use case within the art world.


As digital artists like Beeple have garnered big success off of the sales of their art as NFTs, the remainder of the artistic world has actually taken notice.

In the music trade, an NFT may not only categorical ownership of an artist’s music, but also tickets to a show, or even stems from the production of a song.

After which, like in any inventive trade, there’s a point to be made about whether this technology can bring about more equity. Because NFTs permit for artists to more directly connect with their fans, it also permits for a more direct avenue for profit, as entities akin to labels don’t essentially should be present and take a cut.

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